Report of the Secretary-General on reducing space threats through norms, rules and principles of responsible behaviors (2021)

By resolution 75/36, the General Assembly Encouraged Member States to study existing and potential threats and security risks to space systems, including those arising from actions, activities or systems in outer space or on Earth, characterize actions and activities that could be considered responsible, irresponsible or threatening and their potential impact on international security, and share their ideas on the further development and implementation of norms, rules and principles of responsible behaviours and on the reduction of the risks of misunderstanding and miscalculations with respect to outer space.

Below are the views as received from Member States pursuant to that request, including full versions in the original language received as well as summaries supplied for inclusion in the report of the Secretary-General. Also below are replies received from other entities and from non-governmental organizations.

Replies will be posted to this website on a rolling basis, as they are received.

I. Replies received from Member States (*Advance unedited version as received from Member States)

II. Replies received from other entities

III. Replies received from non-governmental organizations

  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace – Full version [English]
  • Center for Space Policy and Strategy, The Aerospace Corporation – Full version [English]
  • Observer Research Foundation – Full version [English]
  • Peaceful Use of Lasers in Space (PULS) Initiative – Full version [English]
  • Project Ploughshares – Full version [English]
  • RAND Corporation – Full version [English]
  • Secure World Foundation – Full version [Arabic][English][French][Spanish]