The Militarization of Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to improve the health and well-being of individuals, communities, and states, and help meet the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.  However, certain uses of AI could also undermine international peace and security by raising concerns about safety and security of the technology, accelerating the pace of armed conflicts, or loosening human control over the means of war.

In 2019, the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, the Stanley Center and the Stimson Center partnered in a workshop and series of papers to facilitate a multistakeholder discussion among experts from Member States, industry, academia, and research institutions, with the aim of building understanding about the peace and security implications of AI. This publication captures that conversation and shares assessments of the topic from US, Chinese, and Russian perspectives. It is intended to provide a starting point for more robust dialogues among diverse communities of stakeholders as they endeavor to maximize the benefits of AI while mitigating the misapplication of this important technology.

Melanie Sisson, Defense Strategy and Planning Program, Stimson Center
Jennifer Spindel, University of New Hampshire
Paul Scharre, Center for a New American Security
China Arms Control and Disarmament Association
Vadim Kozyulin, PRI Center (Russian Center for Policy Research)

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Publication date: 3 June 2020