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Landmines come in two varieties: anti-personnel and anti-vehicle mines. Both have caused great suffering in the past decades. Anti-personnel landmines are prohibited under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (or Mine Ban Convention). Its positive impact includes a marked reduction of casualties, an increased number of mine-free States, destroyed stockpiles and improved assistance to victims.

The Secretary-General calls on all countries to also regulate the use of anti-vehicle landmines. Such weapons continue to cause many casualties, often civilian. They restrict the movement of people and humanitarian aid, make land unsuitable for cultivation, and deny citizens access to water, food, care and trade.

General Assembly

GA resolutions

A/RES/71/34 – Implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction

A/RES/72/75 – Assistance in mine action

SG reports

A/72/226 – Report on assistance in mine action

Security Council

SC resolutions

S/RES/2365(2017)– Resolution on landmines, improvised explosive devices and remnants of war

SG reports

Human Rights Council

HRC resolutions

HCHR reports

Other reports

Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC)

States Parties 164
State not Party 33
Adopted: 18 Septempber 1997
Entry into force: 1 March 1999
Annual reporting deadline: 30 April

National reports

Landmines under the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons: Amended Protocol II

High Contracting Parties

States Parties 104
Adopted: 3 May 1996
Entry into force: 3 December 1998
Annual reporting deadline: 31 March

National reports

CCW Amended Protocol II

The original version of Protocol II remains in force for a limited number of States which have not acceded to the amended version.

Explosive remnants of war under the Conventin on Certain Conventional Weapons: Protocol V

High Contracting Parties

States Parties
Entry into force:

CCW Protocol V